Hanoi has been cerebrated 1000th years Thang Long – Hanoi in last October. Now I give you more information to understand Hanoi’s history .
As the capital of Vietnam for almost a thousand years, Hanoi is considered to be the cultural centre of Vietnam, where every dynasty has left behind their imprint. The city boasts more than 1,000 years of history, and that of the past few hundred years has been well preserved. Hanoi has had many names throughout history, all of them of Sino – Vietnamese origin.
866 Hanoi was citadel and was named Dai La
1010 Dai La Citadel became the capital of the country Dai Viet ( the Great Viet, then the name of Vietnam) . Claiming to have seen a dragon ascending the Red River, King Ly Thai To renamed it Thang Long ( Ascending dragon) – a name still used poetically to this day.
1397 The capital was moved to Thang Hoa. Thang Long then became Dong Do ( Eastern Capital).
1408 Vietnam was invaded by Chinese troops fromt he Ming Dynasty and Dong Do was renamed Dong Quan ( Eastern Gateway) by the Chinese.
1428 Vietnam was liberated from Chinese rule by Le Loi the founder of the Le Dynasty and Dong Quan was renamed Dong Kinh ( Eastern Capital)
1802 Nguyen Dynasty was established and then moved the capital down to present-day Hue, it was renamed Thang Long ( Ascending Dragon).
1831 Nguyen Dynasty renamed it Hanoi ( can be translated as between Rivers or River Interior).
1873 Hanoi was occupited by the French and passed to them ten years later.
1888 Hanoi became the capital of French Indochina.
1940 The city was occupied by the Japanese
1945 Hanoi was liberated in 1945, when it briefly became the seat of the Viet Minh government after Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the independence of Vietnam.
1946 The French came back and reoccupied the city
1954 After nine years of fighting between the French and Viet Minh forces, Hanoi became the capital of an independent North Vietnam.
During the Vietnam War, Hanoi’s transportation facilities were disrupted by the bombing of bridges and railways, which were, however, promptly repaired. Following the end of the war, Hanoi became the capital of Vietnam when North and South Vietnam were reunited on July 2, 1976.